Dr. Pavan Duggal’s Articles

Cyber Law Articles- Dr. Pavan Duggal

The following are the list of some important articles written by Dr. Pavan Duggal, Advocate, Supreme Court of India and Asia’s & India’s leading authority on Cyber law, on various aspects of Cyber law.


  1. Cyber law In India: The Information Technology Act 2000 – Some Perspectives
  2. Section 66A OF IT Act – your friend or foe?
  3. Social Media and Indian Cyber law
  4. Glaring loopholes in cyberlaw amendments
  5. Has the BPO industry hit a speed-breaker?
  6. Hidden camera and law
  8. A direct impact on free speech in cyber space
  9. Cyber law And Data Security
  10. THE LEGAL view on Data Centres
  11. Legislate Privacy, At Least
  12. Telecommunications Convergence Law in India – A Critique
  13. Indian Legal Response to Cyber Security
  14. Does the UID project infringe on privacy?
  15. Think again before you post
  16. Cyber Law – Global Trends in 2014
  17. If all goes well, Indian IT Act may enter 21st century
  18. How online privacy is linked to your pocket
  19. India to issue advisory against child pornography
  20. Don’t let technology become your masterJustice Grover to students
  21. Legislative language must ensure balance between curbing rights and protecting them: Pavan Duggal
  22. India lacks laws to protect customers of digital transactions: Experts
  23. ‘Why were stricter laws not invoked against café owners?
  24. No laws in India to protect customers if they lose money during digital transactions
  25. Bringing cyber security to the fore
  26. No laws in India to protect customers if they lose money during digital transactions
  27. Indian Android smartphone are at data theft risk: Experts
  28. Dev 360: To go cashless, win people’s trust first
  29. Go Digital Drive Brought Cyber Security To The Fore In India
  30. Delhi cops to get ‘one touch’ internet monitoring system
  31. Indian Android smartphone users too at data theft risk: Experts
  32. Digital economy needs stricter cyber laws
  33. No laws in India to protect customers if they lose money during digital transactions
  34. Apple and Google to encrypt smartphones in India with Aadhaar
  35. Why virtual reality will redefine porn
  36. Next up for DigiLocker integrationPAN card and private service providers
  37. Why we need a digital heir after death (Tech Trend)
  38. Who leaked Udta Punjab online?
  39. PORN: Reliance Jio, Airtel, RCom, Vodafone, Telenor mull parental firewall for parents
  40. Australia’s new data breach disclosure laws have a rather floppy definition of ‘breach’
  41. How Europe Can Fight Cyber Attacks (And Win)
  42. Clinton vs Trump: Here’s How Symantec Simulated a Cyberattack on US Presidential Election
  43. New FBI release on Clinton email probe refers to ‘Shadow Government’
  44. Internet providers claim cyber attack, to meet senior cop
  45. The CIA is Preparing for a Major Cyberattack Against Russia
  46. Laws to tighten privacy after data breach
  47. TalkTalk hit with record fine for cyber attack
  48. SEC May Use Yahoo Case to Set Data Breach Disclosure Rules
  49. Yahoo, LinkedIn, Apple iCloud: 10 Big Data Breaches
  50. “Hacked” e-mail account of White House worker exposed in 2013 password breach
  51. Couple’s bank account drained by thieves using recent Wendy’s data breach
  52. Michelle Obama data breach: purported scan of first lady’s passport appears online
  53. Bank informs RBI of security breach: Axis suffers cyber attack, hires EY to probe damage
  54. Cyber crime cell for ransomware cases soon
  55. European ATM cyber-attacks up 28%, those using dynamite up 30%
  56. Smart home devices used in cyberattack on tech writer’s site
  57. Teenager appears in court over TalkTalk cyber-attack
  58. German politicians faced cyberattack: report
  59. N-power plant disrupted by cyber attack, says IAEA
  60. UK finance groups face surge in cyber attacks
  61. Air Force general: F-16s may be vulnerable to cyber attack
  62. Two Teenagers Arrested for Massive Cyber Attack that Targeted Illinois Businesses
  63. Hackers Hijack ‘Smart Devices’ for Huge Cyberattack
  64. Hacked by your fridge: the Internet of Things could spark a new wave of cyber attacks
  65. BAE Systems: A cyber attack could cost your business £1 million
  66. Singapore sees spike in number of cyberattack-for-ransom cases
  67. German military carried out first foreign cyber-attack in Afghan hostage op – report
  68. The dark web marketplace where you can buy 200 million Yahoo accounts is under cyberattack
  69. Medical Devices Are Vulnerable to Cyberattack
  70. Energy sector sees increase in cyber-attacks
  71. Virtual Safety: Cyber security in AR/VR games
  72. FBI probes hacks targeting phones of Democratic Party officials: sources
  73. Australian Bureau of Meteorology hacked by foreign spies, cybersecurity report reveals
  74. Pavan Duggal on why Indian banks lose the security plot
  75. Local court invokes annulled Sec 66A to convict a man 
  76. 11,592 cases of cyber crime registered in India in 2015: NCRB
  77. Lack of privacy law reason behind WhatsApp petition
  78. Aadhaar legal tangle: Govt can be taken to task for contempt of court; experts wonder why SC didn’t
  79. Aadhaar Act needs a relook from the security and privacy aspect, to avoid mistakes made with the IT Act
  80. Cyber-law inadequacies pose challenges for all
  81. India needs better legal framework for electronic health records
  82. Common Man Is Asking For Accountability’, Says Pavan Duggal
  83. Nasscom chief saying full data protection isn’t possible should wake us from our digital slumber
  84. Post demonetization: Era of cyber law and security
  85. Govt must declare computer systems as ‘protected’
  86. Hackers take payment e-commerce firms for a ride
  87. E-evidence gradually becomes a crucial part of prosecution
  88. Was Westmister terrorist guided by a mastermind? Killer’s phone was STILL connected to another on Whatsapp when he died raising fears he was taking instructions
  89. The big national security versus privacy debate
  90. Need to make Aadhaar ecosystem more cyber secure: Expert
  91. Aadhaar data leaked from more govt departments, UIDAI asks for audit to prevent further leak
  92. TodayInTech: Launch of BHIM-Aadhaar, Google’s Areo app, Uber’s Lyft stalking, Microsoft’s Kaizala, & more
  93. Privacy protection: Need for proactive cyber legal approaches in India
  94. BJP On The Possibility Of Digitised India
  95. Cyber crimes: Centre may soon come out with rules to validate electronic evidence
  96. Data privacy back in spotlight
  97. Hackers running parallel cab-hailing platforms
  98. Cyber-law inadequacies pose challenges for all
  99. ‘Pentagon Was Hacked Too’: Piyush Goyal On Security For Digital Payments
  100. Is A Tough Stand Against Terror Provocative?
  101. India lacks laws to protect customers of digital transactions: Experts
  102. Nasscom chief saying full data protection isn’t possible should wake us from our digital slumber
  103. To go cashless, win people’s trust first
  104. Net neutrality in India: Here’s why India shouldn’t jump the gun on net neutrality
  105. Business rivals commit most cyber crimes
  106. India to finally get electronic evidence authenticators
  107. Indian cyber security needs comprehensive legal framework: Expert
  108. Banks gear up to make plastic money more secure for customers
  109. Why 2015 Was A Landmark Year For Indian Cyberlaw?
  110. Paper leak: What measures government should take to check it.
  111. Govt proposes integration of PAN cards with DigiLocker
  112. Behind the scenes of Escort Economy 2.0
  113. Exciting career options: The web world is evolving and so is cyber law
  114. Nothing private? Govt wants to have a say in your online chats
  115. Surfing the dark net for drugs
  116. Legal notices sent over ‘anti-social’ messages
  117. Planning your digital afterlife
  118. Get ready for digital signatures
  119. Supreme Court hearing on 2009 defamation case against Google gets underway
  120. Cyber snoops hack India’s secrets: Report reveals how internet spies may have ‘compromised’ the nation’s security
  121. ‘Unprecedented and terrifying’: Extent of mobile snooping exposed as Vodaphone reveals government sought access to millions of Indians’ data
  122. India’s liberal tag in shreds, politicians clamp down on any comment or remark on their wrongdoings
  123. India bans more than 800 sites seen as ‘immoral, indecent’
  124. Manual acknowledges tax sleuths’ shortcomings on digital caches
  125. Uber Trouble – Govt Mulling IP Address Ban Making Uber App Unusable
  126. Indian court orders Facebook, Google to offer plans for protecting children
  127. Con callers are on a roll: Missed calls from foreign numbers fleecing Indians
  128. The freedom of expression debate: The State must mend fences with The Web
  129. Karnataka porn row: It is a grave offence, says cyber law expert
  130. Breach and the economics of demerit goods
  131. Reading ‘The Satanic Verses’ not a punishable offence, say legal experts
  132. Meet me in cyberspace
  133. India wants to ban porn—will it work?
  134. ‘We can’t block porn!’ Service providers tell Supreme Court they need help to keep obscene content out
  135. The pharmacist goes online
  136. India cracks down on Internet after communal violence
  137. Delhi Police probing Google’s map contest
  138. Is porn addiction on the rise in Bangalore?
  139. Are you a credit card fraud victim?
  140. Can India churn out ethical hackers like it has produced coders & programmers?
  141. Hacking: Experts call for code
  142. App-based taxi booking services to be banned in Maharashtra
  143. Clone SIM with threatening messages baffle cops
  144. Security firms thrive as govt, firms step up security plans
  145. When someone misuses official e-mail…
  146. Internet Ruling Opens Pandora’s Box for Online Publishing Industry
  147. Easy porn access at cyber cafes
  148. Protected systems and networks
  149. A new password every fortnight
  150. Cyber cafes and security problems
  151. Digital signatures not catching on
  152. Licence to shoot
  153. Happy days for network service providers
  154. Plan to hack a site? Think again dude
  155. A warning against the Internet’s dangers
  156. What action can be taken against Raju?
  157. No, it violates fundamental rights
  158. Law tweak must to track content
  159. A case against censorship
  160. Be careful while using IT
  161. Net neutrality in India: Here’s why India shouldn’t jump the gun on net neutrality
  162. 3 Controversial Aspects Of China’s New Anti-Terrorism Law
  163. ‘Common Man Is Asking For Accountability’, Says Pavan Duggal
  164. Tackling corruption comes with its fair share of challenges: Economic Survey
  165. 2017 witnessed a 38% rise in social media URL blocking
  166. Centre & UIDAI are immune from prosecution over data leaks and breaches’: cybersecurity expert
  167. Will Government of India finally wake up to Bitcoin?
  168. UIDAI introduces 16-digit ‘Virtual ID’, limited KYC for Aadhaar holders
  169. Experts believe govt can do more to make Aadhaar ‘safe and secure’
  170. Centre backs local cybersecurity tech
  171. NCRB Releases Data on Cybercrime Rise, Experts Fear Figures do Not Reveal Real Picture
  172. Thanks to An Outdated Law, 2017 Will Be The Year Of Mobile Frauds


  1. Cyber crime Cyber crime Everywhere- no place to hide
  2. Our cyber cells are not equipped to deal with cyber crime
  3. Tackling Cyber Crimes – Need for Stringent Laws
  4. Theft of ATM password attracts IPC and cyber law
  5. India: Terrorism And Cyber crime
  6. Your cyber crime-friendly legislation
  7. A warning against the Internet’s dangers
  8. India: Terrorism And Cyber crime
  9. Indian Blackout – Some legal perspectives
  10. Trump Organization’s ‘problematic’ cybersecurity risks email hack — report
  11. Canada’s cybersecurity strategy is anemic: expert
  12. Cybersecurity Stocks’ Q3 Results: What to Look For
  13. Smart Grids Aren’t Secure, Survey Says
  14. Cloud Security Replacing Cybersecurity Industry, Says Analyst
  15. Slovak Finance Ministry drafts country’s first cybersecurity law
  16. Workers in London’s financial centre are being bombarded with ransomware
  17. These free ransomware decryption tools have rescued data from 2,500 locked devices
  18. European ransomware initiative gains 13 new member countries
  19. Ransomware scam being spread through fake bill
  20. Kaspersky Cybersecurity: Strengthening govt initiatives, enterprise and cyber insurance
  21. Chief Economic Advisor’s twitter account hacked
  22. New draft of cyber response plan nearly ready for release
  23. US and Russia headed for new cold war
  24. The Cyber-War on Wikileaks
  25. China’s Cyber And Trade War: Its Threat To National Security
  26. Cybercrime and Fraud Cost UK £10.9 Billion in a Year
  27. Cybercrime as a Service: Europol Hints at Militants Using Darknet
  28. Cyber crime in South Africa – top of the agenda for CFOsG7 Nations Plan To Team Up To Tackle Financial Cybercrime
  29. Cybercrimes rule high, but no chief at tribunal for 5 years
  30. Business rivals commit most cyber crimes
  31. Southern states most net-savvy but Maharashtra tops in online fraud
  32. Security concerns on transactions increase as residents go cashless
  33. Jamia organises seminar on cyber crime
  34. IRCTC hacking: Railways claims no leakage of ‘sensitive’ data
  35. ‘Go digital’ drive brought cyber security to the fore in India
  36. Cyber security is a major concern in transactions
  37. Cyber Security: How Rahul, Congress Twitter accounts may have been hacked
  38. Pavan Duggal on why Indian banks lose the security plot
  39. India bans 22 social media sites in kashmir over alleged abuse videos
  40. Hackers Release NSA Malware, Indian Servers in the Firing Line
  41. Lack of privacy law reason behind Whats App petition
  42. Post demonetization: Era of cyber law and security
  43. ‘Common Man Is Asking For Accountability’, Says Pavan Duggal
  44. Punishing WhatsApp, Facebook group admins for offensive posts may be a harsh move, but necessary
  45. Aadhaar: A convenience or a curse? Misinformation and fear distort the real issues with the service
  46. Centre working to reintroduce draft encryption policy
  47. Pokemon GO has brought to fore the need to update India’s legal framework: Pavan Duggal
  48. Viral Sach: Can ISIS trap you in its WhatsApp group ‘Firdaus we ascend’?
  49. India’s first billionaire banker is betting big on mobile. Will customers pick up his call?
  50. Muslim man arrested in UP for using martyred police officer’s image as Facebook profile picture
  51. Cybercrime is on the rise in Gurugram
  52. Hackers take payment e-commerce firms for a ride
  53. Question on cyber security: As India goes cashless, how safe digital payments are?
  54. No phone, no problem – just a thumbprint will pay the bill
  55. Union Budget 2017 – A Cyber Ecosystem Perspective
  56. Thanks to An Outdated Law, 2017 Will Be The Year Of Mobile Frauds
  57. Data Security: No Room for Complacency
  58. Delhi cops to get ‘one touch’ internet monitoring system
  59. After A Bad Year For Cybersecurity, The Union Budget Looks At Some Solutions
  60. Southern states most net-savvy but Maharashtra tops in online fraud
  61. How online privacy is linked to your pocket
  62. Security concerns increase on transactions increase as residents go cashless
  63. Popular photo editing software may use privacy loopholes to steal your identity, warn cops
  64. The Fake News problem in India can get out of hand if not controlled in due time; experts tell us why
  65. How safe are you from cyber attacks?
  66. Social media addicts, watch what you post online!
  67. New laws and legislation should be formed to stop rising instances of cyber crime, says Supreme Court
  68. Apple and Google to encrypt smartphones in India with Aadhaar
  69. Indian banks need to adopt fully-encrypted ATM security solutions
  70. Open public Wi-Fi networks boon for hackers to steal sensitive data
  71. Cyber crime cases shoot up post demonetization
  72. Lack of strong laws makes ATMs vulnerable to cyber attacks
  73. End-to-End Encryption a Boon for Terror Groups in India, Claim Experts
  74. Railway ministry denies IRCTC hacking
  75. The deep, dark side of web! How people are getting drugs, guns delivered at doorstep
  76. Secured, hacking-free cloud service is what India needs
  77. Getting justice in cyber crime is difficult
  78. No laws in India to protect customers if they lose money during digital transactions
  79. How safe are our CCTV cameras?
  80. India unprepared to tackle online data security: report
  81. Mittal’s Social Trade: A Ponzi Scam In Substance, But Not In Form?
  82. Indian govt to ask tech intermediaries like Gmail, Whatsapp to store user info
  83. Government Makes Aadhaar Mandatory to Register New Businesses
  84. Sex, honour, shame and blackmail in an online world
  85. The WhatsApp suicide
  86. Facebook comes under government scanner for hosting ‘insulting comments’ against judiciary
  87. Indians turning to virtual private network VPN for anonymous, safe internet experience
  88. Viral Sach: Your internet banking account can be hacked through Facebook
  89. Viral Sach: Can a ‘death’ call from 777888999 explode phone and get receiver killed?
  90. Is social media prone to exaggeration?
  91. End-to-end encryption: Both a boon and a bane
  92. Viral Sach: Can you find your lost mobile phone yourself?
  93. J&K social media ban: Use of 132-year-old Act can’t stand judicial scrutiny, say experts
  94. The Art of Selling Stolen Goods Online
  95. Trolls today are all over Twitter, Facebook, YouTube
  96. Cyber crime: 1,600 arrested, only 7 convicted
  97. Government aims to tackle child pornography with more ‘control’ over social networking sites
  98. Socializing with a virtual wallet
  99. Indian govt second highest seeker of internet users’ private info, says Google
  100. India’s trouble with monitoring of social media continues
  101. Movie pirates stay a step ahead of police
  102. Can you bank on social network?
  103. Terror on Twitter: the life and crimes of Mehdi
  104. New law to protect individual privacy
  105. Rubbing Out Internet Porn Won’t Be Easy for the Indian Government
  106. Unknown missed calls can empty your wallet
  107. What Is Cybercrime?
  108. A Mumbai Student Vents on Facebook, and the Police Come Knocking
  109. Phishing and pharming dangers
  110. India Debates Misuse of Social Media
  111. Video recordings of gang rapes on rise in India in effort to shame, silence the victim
  112. North- East hate sites blocked… But it took a month for government to muzzle hateful propaganda
  113. How secure are India’s call centres?
  114. Free speech at risk as Government plays humourless cyber cop
  115. Legalise porn?
  116. Indians tape gang rapes to silence victims
  117. India bans posting private sex tapes on websites
  118. Dark Web concerns: How children are becoming susceptible to lurking dangers on Internet
  119. Nepal using Chinese broadband loss for India: Expert
  120. Indian Federal Government Issues Tax Notice to Digital Currency Investors
  121. Nepal ends India’s internet monopoly, gets new Chinese bandwidth
  122. UIDAI will issue 16-digit virtual ID to secure Aadhaar privacy
  123. UIDAI announces virtual Aadhaar ID, hopes it will solve privacy problems
  124. India Cautions Investors Against Cryptocurrencies
  125. Cybercrime cases in India are under-reported, say experts
  126. American startup Apriori aims to be specialist provider of demographic data on Indians
  127. EVM bluetooth hacking allegations: Is it a possibility or a far-fetched idea?
  128. India Likens Cryptocurrencies Like Bitcoin to Ponzi Schemes
  129. Will GoI finally wake up to the Bitcoin bubble?
  130. What the National Crime Records Bureau report does not tell us about cyber crime in India
  131. Agencies crack down on Bitcoin traders
  132. Data privacy back in spotlight
  133. Uttar Pradesh tops the list on crimes against women in 2016
  134. ED raided 620 entities over FEMA violations in one year of demonetisation
  135. Twitter tweaks user policy a day after SC clampdown
  136. India woefully under-prepared to protect data, users’ rights on Internet
  137. Internet penetration in rural India just 16%: report
  138. Centre contemplates cyber security cess
  139. Bitcoin keeps enforcers on edge
  140. 60% of Sports Goods, 40% of Apparel on Sale Online Are Fake. Here’s Proof
  141. Parliament house panel seeks federal body to tackle cyber attacks
  142. Right to Privacy verdict is unlikely to impact sting operations
  143. India’s Finance Minister Warns Of Bitcoin ‘Ponzi Scheme’
  144. Bitcoin gaining ground in city despite RBI warnings


  1. Logging Into Terror


  1. Tablets for reform in education


  1. Facebook, Speech & Indian Cyber law
  2. Think again before you post
  3. Social Media and Indian Cyber law
  4. Covering act Social Media & Section 66A of Indian Cyber Law
  5. Tough norms will regulate ‘hate speech’ on social media


  1. Indian cyber law miles behind the realities of social media
  2. Internet has no alternative
  3. Legal challenges in cyber world
  4. Hidden camera and law


  1. Indian pop stars attract cyber squatters too
  2. The strain of setting online music store
  3. Data theft on BPOs
  4. Selling clean Flicks could be a dirty business
  5. Digital signature is not catching on
  6. How valid are e-records of board meetings?
  7. Due Diligence will help limit any liabilities


  1. Liability of CIOs
  2. Sold a Lemon Online? For Fake iPhone Buyers, Law Comes to Rescue


  1. The Information Technology Act, 2000 – Some Perspectives.
  2. Cyberlaw-2001: Two dramatic developments
  3. The Information Technology Act
  5. IT Act assigns undue powers to the police
  6. We are not keeping up pace


  1. Cyber law trends of 2010
  2. Cyber deterrence
  3. Theft of ATM password attracts IPC and cyberlaw
  4. India does not need ‘web-cops’
  5. Internet ruling opens Pandora’s box for online publishing industry
  6. Protecting the Virtual Cob-Web
  7. Indian Budget 2016 – A digital flavour
  8. Getting India’s maps right
  9. Digital India at the expense of Net neutrality?


  1. SC sets tone for course correction


  1. Wake up call to Indian BPOs
  2. Legal issues related to outsourcing in India


  1. The State of Privacy laws in India- Interview with Pavan Duggal


  1. Does the UID project infringe on privacy?
  2. Aadhaar Act, 2016 Should be Amended to Improve Cybersecurity
  3. Aadhaar ecosystem needs better cybersecurity, say cyber security experts


  1. Tablets for reform in education

ON 66A

  1. Year 2012 and Section 66A of Indian Cyberlaw, The Economic Times January 9, 2013
  2. Pavan Duggal via Live Web Chat on the essence of Sec 66A of the Information Technology Act.
  3. 66A- “Friend or Foe?”
  4. A Great Service To The Cause Of Free Speech
  5. IT Leaders, Lawyers Welcome SC Ruling on 66A of the IT Act